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Simla Agreement 1945

We have received rare images of historical #SimlaConference that took place in 1945 and brought together many national leaders of that time. Look at the images of #MahatmaGandhi. PrakashJavdekar @MIB_India @PIB_India @PMOIndia @DDNewsLive @airnewsalerts @MIB_Hindi pic.twitter.com/N787RX7Xdo The 1945 Simla Conference was a meeting between The Viceroy of India Lord Wavell and the leading political leaders of British India at Viceregal Lodge in Simla. He was convened to agree and approve the Wavell Plan for India`s autonomy, where he reached a possible agreement for India`s autonomy, which provided for separate representation of Muslims and a reduction of majority powers for both communities in their majority regions. While the country has not yet blunted the celebrations of the 73rd day of independence, no student of Indian history and no citizen aware of the chronology of the freedom movement can forget the historical importance of the 1945 Simla conference between Viceroy Lord Wavell and prominent political leaders in British India. The meeting was convened to obtain the approval of Indian leaders for the Wavell plan, which aimed to inaugurate the Indian autocracy. Seventy-nine years after the Shimla Conference, we will now have the privilege of looking at several important corypheses in India, including Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Azad, C Rajagopalachari, MA Jinnah, Rajendra Prasad, Bhulabhai Desai, Master Tara Singh and PANT GB, in a few rare video recordings, on foot and in conversation. After a correspondence with Amery in October, Wavell decided to write Churchill directly, and he tried to convince Churchill in this regard, although he was certain that Churchill hesitated at every summit, because “he hated India and had something to do with it.” Churchill informed Amery of the possibility of not seeing Wavell until March 1945, Wavell met jinnah on 6 December for his own cause and tried to convince him to live in The United Mouth, as it would be much more beneficial for everyone, as he would represent a strong nation at the international level. Jinnah argued that “Indian unity was only a British creation.” Benghal Governor Richard Casey was well aware of the relationship between Congress and the League that he wrote to Wavell: “Congress is fundamentally responsible for the growth of the Pakistani idea, by the way they treated Muslims, especially by rejecting it in the coalition provincial government.” Wavell agrees with everything Casey has said about Pakistan and wrote in his response: “I don`t think Pakistan will work.” [3] Churchill headed his war cabinet, which considered and rejected Wavell`s constitutional reform proposal in India on 18 December. [3] But Wavell was invited to visit England and met Churchill and the cabinet in May 1945. Wavell was allowed to return to India in June 1945 to release the member of the Congressional Working Committee and begin discussions later called the Shimla Conference. Wavell decided to call all of India`s top leaders in Shimla on 25 June 1945 and, on 14 June 1945, to send a message to all Indians, showing the British will to give India the status of domination as quickly as possible if the community impasse is broken.

“India needs surgery,” Nehru noted after considering Wavell`s idea, “we need to get rid of our work with petty problems” because he saw the municipal problem as a small problem. Jinnah accepted the invitation, but if he could meet Wavell alone on June 24. [3] In May 1945 Wavell went to London and discussed his ideas with the British government. These London talks resulted in the development of a concrete action plan, officially published on 14 June 1945 by L.S. Amery, India`s Foreign Minister, in the House of Commons and wavell in a Delhi radio address.

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